What is Covid-19?
What is Covid-19?
Physical health effects
Mask and face covering
According to the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH)…
- COVID-19 is an infectious disease.
- The disease is caused by a coronavirus not found in people before.
- As doctors and scientists continue to gather new information, it is important to take COVID-19 seriously. We do not yet know all of the negative effects it may have.
- It is important to keep working to slow the spread of the virus by staying home when you can, staying 6 feet away from others, wearing a mask, covering your coughs and sneezes, and washing your hands often and well.
What are the symptoms of Covid-19?People with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported – ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness. Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. People with these symptoms may have COVID-19:
- Fever or chills
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or body aches
- New loss of taste or smell
- Sore throat
- Congestion or runny nose
- Nausea or vomiting
- People can spread COVID-19 diseases to each other.
- The disease spreads by droplets or aerosols (tiny particles) from the nose and mouth when someone who is infected coughs, sneezes or exhales.
- The most common way COVID-19 spreads is through close contact. When people are close to each other, the droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people nearby. It may be possible for people to breathe the droplets into their lungs. It is important to stay at least 6 feet away from other people in public. At home, someone who is sick should stay alone and in one room as much as possible.
- COVID-19 can also sometimes spread through airborne transmission. This means that aerosols (small droplets or particles) can sometimes linger in the air for minutes to hours and may be able to infect people who are further than 6 feet from the person with COVID-19 or after they have left the room.
- Airborne transmission of COVID-19 is more likely to happen in indoor spaces without good ventilation, or when the infected person was breathing heavily, like when singing or exercising.
- It is possible that COVID-19 can spread when droplets land on surfaces and objects that other people then touch, though this is not thought to be a common way that it spreads. It is important to wash your hands before you touch your mouth, nose, face, or eyes. Clean surfaces that are touched often, especially if someone in the house is sick.
- Infected people may be able to spread the disease before they have symptoms or feel sick.
- A person can also spread the disease if they have no symptoms. Research has shown that around 40-50% of people infected do not develop symptoms.
- Many people with COVID-19 have mild illness. However, anyone can become severely ill from this virus.
- The risk of severe illness increases with age. For example, people in their 50s are at higher risk for severe illness than people in their 40s. Similarly, people in their 60s or 70s are, in general, at higher risk for severe illness than people in their 50s. The greatest risk for severe illness from COVID-19 is among people 85 or older.
- People of any age who have underlying medical conditions may have a greater risk of getting very sick from COVID-19.
- Ask your health care provider if you have a greater risk of getting sicker from COVID-19.
Physical health effects
- The virus that causes COVID-19 can affect people in different ways. Some can get very sick, while most have mild or moderate symptoms and get better without going to a clinic or into a hospital. Some have no symptoms. Some people die.
- Some people are in the hospital for weeks. Some may need to be put on a ventilator in order to breathe and survive. Some may need to be put on a heart-lung bypass machine. The virus that causes COVID-19 has been linked to increased:
- Blood clotting
- Heart damage
- Other organ damage
- Stay home as much as possible.
- Stay at least 6 feet from other people if you are in public places.
- Telework if you can.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- If you are 65 and older or have certain underlying medical conditions, stay at home and avoid situations where you could be exposed, including travel.
Hands and face
- Wash your hands often, with soap and water. Wash for at least 20 seconds.
- Always wash your hands after being in a public place.
- Always wash your hands after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
- If soap and water are not available, use hand sanitizer that is at least 60% alcohol.
- Use hand sanitizers on the hands only. Never use them on larger body surfaces, and never swallow or breathe them in.
- Do not make hand sanitizers into something you can spray into the air. This is dangerous to your health and can catch fire.
- Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze. Cough or sneeze into your elbow or a tissue. Throw used tissues in the trash.
Mask and face covering
Face covering, often called masks, can help stop your germs from infecting others. Research has shown that wearing masks reduces the risk of infection, especially when combined with other prevention efforts such as washing your hands often and staying 6 feet away from others
As of July 25, 2020, per the Governor's Executive Order, people in Minnesota will be required to wear a face-covering in all indoor businesses and public indoor spaces, unless you are alone.
Muxuu yahay Caabuqa Korona fayras 2019 (COVID-19)
Cudurka Koronafayras 2019 (COVID-19) ayaa ah cudur neefmareen. Waxa sababa fayras cusub. Maalin kasta waxaan ka ogaanaynaa waxyaabo cusub oo ku saabsan fayraskan sababta oo ah wuu cusub yahay.
Waxaan kala shaqeynaa la-hawlgalayaal sidii loo yarayn lahaa fiditaanka COVID-19, laakiin qof kasta oo gobolka ka tirsan wuxuu leeyahay kaalin u qaato si taas looga dhigo inay rumowdo.
Qof kasta oo da' kasta ah ayuu ku dhici karaa cudurku. Dadka qaarkood bukaanshahoodu wuu ka sii badan karaa kuwa kale. Dadka la buka COVID-19 ayaa qaadsiin kara dadka kale, xataa markayna dareemaynin inay bukaan. Fayrasku uma kala eego dadka, sidaa darteed ka fogow fikradaha ku saabsan qofka aad u malaynayso inuu qabo cudurka.
Dadka qaarkood ee qaba caabuqa COVID-19 ayaa kaliya dareema in yar inay bukaan. Kuwo kalena aad ayay u bukoodaan. Astaamaha qaarkood waa:
- Neefsashada oo gaabata
- Muruq xanuun
- Cune xanuun
- Dhadhanka ama wax urinta oo qofka ka taga
Marar aan badanayn, dadku waxay yeelan karaan calool xanuun, matag ama shuban.
Iska soo tijaabi cudurka haddii aad leedahay astaamo. Ugu wac arrinta ku saabsan iska-tijaabinta cudurka dhakhtarkaaga ama bixiyehaaga daryeel caafimaad. Wac iyaga haddii aad wax su'aalo ah qabto ama aad ka walwalsan tahay astaamahaaga.
Dadka cudurkoodu u sahlan yahay ayaa joogi kara guriga inta ay ladnaanayaan. Guriga uga bax kaliya in daryeel caafimaad aad soo hesho. Wac dhakhtarkaaga ama bixiye daryeel caafimaad kale intaadan halkaa tagin.
Waxyaabahaa samee si naftaada iyo dadka kale aad uga badbaadiso COVID-19:
- Ka fogow 6 fuud (2 mitir) dadka kale markaad ka tagto gurigaaga.
- Gasho maaskaraha wejiga ama maro wejiga daboosha markaad tagto dukaammada cuntada iyo meelaha kale ee ay adag tahay in laga fogaado 6 fiit dadka kale.
- Joog guriga markaad bukto.
- Badanaa iska dhaq gacmaha.
- Dabool afkaaga iyo sankaaga markaad qufacayso.
- Nadiifi oo jermiska ka dil meelaha dushooda in bdan la taataabto.
Ka hel macluumaadkaaga ku saabsan COVID-19 ilo laga kalsoon yahay sida Waaxda Caafimaadka Minnesota iyo baraha internetka CDC. Ka taxaddar ilaha kale, gaar ahaan kuwa ka hadla ka daawooyinka COVID-19.